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28th Street Improvements Project

28th Street Improvements Project

CDOT is resurfacing portions of 28th Street/US-36 beginning mid-May through September 2021. For updates, view CDOT's project page here. You can also view www.BoulderConeZones.net, where staff will provide updated traffic impacts from CDOT as we receive them.

28th Street is a state highway and a gateway to Boulder for employees, visitors, students, and residents. As a Vision Zero city, Boulder strives to be a leader in creating safe transportation facilities that support comfortable travel choices for community members. 28th Street/US-36 was chosen for improvements because it is one of the most heavily used roadways in Boulder and includes several high-crash intersections, as found in the Safe Streets Boulder Report .

Once the 28th Street Improvements Project (Iris to Canyon) is completed, 28th Street from Baseline Road to Iris Avenue will be transformed into a multimodal corridor with a consistent design that delivers transportation, safety, aesthetic and economic enhancements. 

Project Update

28th St Project Timeline Iris to Canyon

This is the final segment of 28th street slated to receive improvements as part of this corridor wide improvements effort. The funding impetus for this project is founded in the corridor’s status as a primary state highway through Boulder, its status as a high crash corridor, the desire to increase the safety and presence of bicycle and pedestrian facilities here and the evolving vision for transit along this corridor.

The following improvements will be constructed through this project:  

  • A third outside Business-Access-Transit (BAT) lane will be installed from Iris to Pearl, to complete missing links in the BAT facility
    • Left-turn lanes have already been added on 28th Street at the intersections of Pearl Street, Valmont Road, and Iris Avenue.
    • A third outside lane (already striped as a BAT facility in some areas) currently exists on the majority of the project corridor. This project will repurpose portions of the third outside lane to create an uninterrupted lane prioritized for bus-service.
    • Phased conversion of the third outside lane from Pearl to Canyon is planned for future years as SH-119 BRT service comes online.
  • A bus bay design to accommodate future SH-119 BRT service
  • Completion of a continuous north-south multi-use path along both sides of 28th Street, through completion of gaps in the existing facility (consistent with the city’s Low Stress Walk & Bike Network )
  • Installation of colored (green/red) conflict markings within the BAT lane with reminder signage and raised crossings at driveway exits to increase multi-use path user safety and visibility at interaction points with vehicles
  • Installation of landscape buffers between the street and the multi-use paths
  • Installation of street trees throughout the project length
  • Replacement of traffic signals on 28th Street at Mapleton Avenue and Glenwood Drive
  • Storm drainage upgrades and utility relocations

Spring 2021 Design Update

Staff are modifying the lane design from its original design as a BBAT lane (Bike-Business-Access-Transit lane) to a BAT lane. The BBAT lane emerged as the preferred design option through a public engagement process conducted for the project in the early 2000s. However, in keeping with recent best practices identified in our research with peer cities, staff has decided to modify the design and remove the striping for bicyclists. Per State of Colorado laws, bikes can legally still use the lane but will not be actively encouraged to do so.

A key component and goal for this project is to maintain the continuity of corridor-wide design in keeping with the design of segments to the north and south. Foundational decisions were made during preliminary design (with stakeholder input) including the consistency of travel lane widths (all 11-feet), 10-foot multi-use paths (per city standards) and 8-foot landscaping strips. Additionally, the locations of transit stops were solidified at this time.

SH 119 Project Integration

The constructed improvements will sync with the regional State Highway 119 Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Project , which will include the addition of a managed/express lane and construction of a paved bikeway (view the route here ) from Boulder to Longmont. BRT stations will be installed at Iris, Valmont, Pearl and Canyon in conjunction with the 28th Street Improvements Project. This BRT project is spearheaded by a coalition comprised of the City of Boulder, City of Longmont, Boulder County and Commuting Solutions. Also involved in the planning and process are RTD, CDOT, High Performance Transportation Enterprise (HPTE) and the local area chambers.

Click to enlarge the map below of completed projects on 28th Street. 

Map of completed projects on 28th St

Northern Section (Iris Avenue to Valmont Road)

In 2008 and 2009, safety improvements were made at the intersections of Iris and Valmont. Additionally, the Diagonal Highway Project (28th - Independence), completed in 2016, provided key connections to the 28th Street corridor.

Middle Section (Valmont Road to Arapahoe Avenue)

Multimodal improvements included a project to improve the center medians between Arapahoe and Walnut (2006), intersection improvements at Pearl Parkway (2007), new sections of multi-use path along 28th Street between Arapahoe Avenue and Spruce Street (2014) and a shared bus/bike/right-turn lane and new multi-use path along the east side of 28th Street between Pearl Street and Valmont Road.

South Section (Arapahoe Avenue to Baseline Road)

Construction of the south section between Baseline Road and Arapahoe Avenue was completed in phases. Phases one and two were completed between 2003-2006 and included new bike lanes, transit stops, improved roadway lighting, and construction of a sidewalk on the east side of the 28th Street Frontage Road. Phase three was completed by 2010 and included construction of a multi-use path along the west side of 28th Street between Canyon and Baseline.

Related plans:

28th Street Frontage Road Transportation Connections Plan pdf

Additional Project Work on North 28th Street Iris to Yarmouth Avenues

A new 10-foot-wide multi-use path along the west side of 28th Street between Iris Avenue and Fourmile Canyon Creek, pedestrian and bicycle bridge over Fourmile Canyon Creek and continuous on-street bike facility on 28th Street between Iris and Yarmouth avenues was completed in 2015. These improvements provide an improved multimodal transportation system with expanded travel options for students and their families, staff, residents, employees and others traveling through the area. Public art at the bridge and southbound bus stop beautify this bicycle and pedestrian improvement. Funding for this section of 28th Street was provided through a Federal Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) grant and city Transportation funds.

Final Design Concept for the 28th Street Improvements (Iris to Yarmouth Avenues) pdf

The 28th Street (Iris to Yarmouth Avenues) Bicycle and Pedestrian Improvements pdf was reviewed through the city's Community and Environmental Assessment Process (CEAP). A public hearing was held at the May 13, 2013 Transportation Advisory Board (TAB) meeting and the board recommended approval of the project CEAP and recommended design options. The CEAP document was forwarded to City Council for potential call-up by July 16, 2013. After not being called up, the project proceeded toward final design.

Violet Avenue & US 36 Intersection Re-alignment

To improve safety at the intersection of Violet Avenue and US 36, a popular route for drivers and on-street cyclists with a history of fatal collisions--the intersection was reconstructed so that Violet Avenue meets US-36 at a right angle. This improves sightlines and visibility for both drivers and cyclists. A five foot wide sidewalk on the south side of Violet Avenue from 23rd Street to US-36 and a pedestrian median at US-36 was also installed through this project. In addition to the re-alignment and pedestrian improvements, this project closed the section of Violet Avenue from 26th to 28th streets to simplify and further improve the safety of this intersection.

 

Project FAQs

The primary purpose of the project is to enhance regional bus service capacity on 28th Street/US-36, which is one of the busiest corridors in the city. From Iris Avenue to Pearl Street, the project will add continuous BAT (Business-Access-Transit) lanes to 28th Street, which are lanes prioritized for transit and also used by right-turning vehicles. The project will also improve the bus stops (including enlarging boarding areas) on both sides of 28th Street, so buses can load/unload passengers in the BAT lane without experiencing or causing additional delay. These enhancements will equip 28th Street to offer future SH 119 Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) service between Boulder and Longmont. Phased conversion of the third outside lane from Pearl to Canyon is planned for future years as BRT service comes online. In addition, the project will fill in missing links in the multi-use paths along both sides of 28th Street, from Baseline Road to Iris Avenue, to create a continuous north-south multi-use path facility. This improvement is consistent with recommendations from the city’s Low Stress Walk & Bike Network.

The benefits of this project include: More convenient and reliable transit service. The project will increase transit efficiency along 28th Street and connect to future SH 119 BRT service. It will provide additional travel choices for individuals commuting into Boulder as well as employees of 28th Street businesses. Improved access to businesses along 28th Street, one of the main commercial centers in the city. Enhanced multi-use paths along 28th Street to create a continuous north-south facility on each side of the street.

This project is the last phase of a larger project, first launched in the 1990s, aiming to improve transportation on 28th Street between Baseline and Iris. 28th Street was chosen for improvements because it is one of the busiest corridors in Boulder, is a major north-south connection serving many residents, commuters, and visitors, and is a major center for retail and business. These factors make it a top candidate for travel enhancements, particularly in the area of transit service.

Construction will begin in 2022. The final design of the project must be completed by the end of 2021 to comply with requirements for federal and regional funding.

As outlined in the city’s Transportation Master Plan, increasing transit capacity is key to meeting the needs of the Boulder community and all who visit, work and play here. Increasing transit service in Boulder is also essential to the city meeting its Climate Commitment goals and reducing greenhouse emissions. The transit lane improvements on 28th Street will enable the corridor to provide SH 119 Bus Rapid Transit Service. This connection will help many current commuters who travel into/out of Boulder by car to switch to faster, more convenient transit service. Improving regional travel connections and providing more attractive, non-vehicular options for in-commuting is key to decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and providing more comfortable, efficient and convenient travel for all, no matter the mode of transport used.

This project will increase transit service capacity through adding transit-priority lanes, improve regional travel options, and complete links in the multi-use path, all key goals of the city’s Transportation Master Plan and Low-Stress Walk and Bike Network Plan.

The dedicated BAT (Business-Access-Transit) lanes being added to 28th Street will be used only by buses and right-turning vehicles, which will reduce conflicts between buses and through-traffic. Currently, buses must merge with all other traffic at many points along the corridor (excluding a few sections where BAT lanes already exist), impacting efficient bus travel . The multi-use path sections added along both sides of 28th Street will use raised crosswalks at all intersections with driveways and will have warning signage at exits and colored striping bars, all of which increase safety and visibility. This design is in keeping with current Vision Zero engineering best practices intended to improve transportation safety. Staff plans to investigate additional strategies that could be implemented through this project to further enhance safety, including: completing a full corridor evaluation of vehicle turning movements to understand if any locations would benefit from right-turn-on-red restrictions or other traffic signal modifications; investigating the installation of a neckdown (AKA a bulb-out or curb extension) at Pine, Spruce and Bluff to implement a shorter crossing distance for pedestrians and bicyclists; and evaluating corridor traffic signals where Leading Pedestrian Interval (LPI) signal timing (which provides an additional head start for pedestrians crossing intersections), could be added. Improvements to left-turn signal phasing will be implemented at the Glenwood and 28th and Mapleton and 28th intersections when the project makes required upgrades to the traffic signal poles.

No. A third outside lane (already striped as a Business-Access-Transit (BAT) lane in some areas) currently exists on the majority of the project corridor. This project will repurpose portions of the existing third outside general purpose vehicle lane into a BAT, and expand the BAT lane where only two lanes currently exist, to complete missing links and create an uninterrupted lane prioritized for bus service. The BAT (Business-Access-Transit) lane will not increase vehicle capacity along the corridor; rather, it will allow for enhanced access to businesses along 28th Street and improve the convenience and attractiveness of transit service.

Staff don’t anticipate this project will result in any noticeable increase in vehicle speeds. For the majority of the corridor, a third outside lane already exists. In 2019, the average measured speed in the corridor was 26 mph. Generally, the speed used to calibrate signal timing is the posted speed limit, which is 35 mph for this segment of 28th Street, though many factors influence traffic signal progression and actual progression speed, including spacing between traffic signals, traffic volume, queuing, left-turn phases and cycle length. Staff will continue monitoring speeds along the corridor prior to and after project implementation, including examining signal progression speeds during project design.

No. 28th Street is a regional corridor and one of the busiest freight corridors in the city, which makes it ideal for transit service and vehicular travel as opposed to walking and bicycling. The city is working to enhance walking and bicycling facilities on parallel corridors, such as Folsom and 30th streets, to provide safer and lower-stress routes that can be used to access 28th Street businesses or to travel downtown.

No. In previous project designs, the city was considering adding what’s known as a Bike-Business-Access-Transit (BBAT) lane, which is a lane striped for bicyclists to use in addition to buses and right-turning vehicles. However, in keeping with best practices identified in research on peer cities and in response to recent community feedback, staff has modified the design and will remove the striping for bicyclists. The lane will serve primarily as a bus lane, enhancing transit service capacity on this important corridor.

No. While the vision for the corridor was developed in the late 1990's supporting the land uses in the Boulder Valley Comprehensive Plan (BVCP), substantial work has been done since then to design the 28th Street corridor projects, such as the 2014 Revised Vision for Transit, which incorporated extensive public outreach and engagement. This visioning informed preliminary design work in 2017 and 2018 with a focus on development of a transit-priority corridor to support future SH-119 BRT service. The improvements planned for 28th Street from Canyon to Iris represent the final phase of this corridor-scale effort. All plans for Iris to Canyon represent current best practices in transportation facility design, through enhancements to the roadway, traffic signals, signs and pavement markings, and reflects Boulder’s commitment to advancing safe, multimodal travel infrastructure.

 

Project Goals

Goals

New Gateway with “Smart” Aesthetics
28th Street is transforming into an attractive and appealing gateway that combines functional art, water-wise landscaping, and improved signage and landmarks.

Improved Transportation (Complete Streets)
The multimodal transportation system increases safety to better accommodate travel for pedestrians, bicyclists, transit riders and drivers.

Expanded Travel Options
The improvements provide roadway enhancements, better lighting, improved transit stops, and expanded bus services, bike lanes, sidewalks, and multi-use paths.

Retaining Wall with "Strata Variations"
The retaining wall between Colorado Avenue and Taft Drive was built to stabilize the hillside and the "Strata Variations" public art was incorporated into the retaining wall.

Water-wise Landscaping
Drought-resistant landscaping such as fertile grasses, shrubbery and trees requires little maintenance. The new irrigation system and wood mulch dramatically reduce water loss, surface runoff and weed growth. This system is designed to allow the city to selectively irrigate portions of the landscaping in possible drought conditions.

Regional Connections
28th Street links CU, the Twenty Ninth Street retail district, the Boulder Junction area, local and regional transit routes, bus transit superstops, and FasTracks. The improvements strengthen multimodal travel throughout the region.

Economic Vitality
The new 28th Street encourages private investments by improving access to businesses and adding value to existing ventures such as the Twenty Ninth Street retail district.

The Boulder Convention & Visitors Bureau has put up colorful banners to encourage people to shop, dine and enjoy their time in our city. CU’s 28th Street Landscape Development Master Plan calls for enhancements on its eastern boundary, which include new outdoor basketball courts with sunken bleacher seating and possibly flower gardens.

Leveraged Funds
More than 50 percent of the funding for the south section improvements came from state and federal sources and the rest came from the city’s transportation fund.

The upcoming improvements along the Arapahoe Avenue to Valmont Road section of 28th Street is a combination of Capital Improvement Bond funding and city transportation funding. The improvements on 28 th Street/US 36 (Iris-Yarmouth) are a combination of federal and city transportation funding.

Funding 

These improvements have been funded with a number of sources, including city transportation funds, state transportation funds, federal transportation funds and the 2011 voter-approved Capital Improvement Bond.

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28th Street Improvements Project on Inside Boulder