The stormwater quality program consists of public education, water quality monitoring, regulatory compliance, and source control. Many of these efforts are required by the city's municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) permit. The city also participates in the Keep It Clean Partnership (KICP), a regional stormwater program providing public education and outreach.
The city has a wasteload allocation under the 2011 Boulder Creek E. Coli total maximum daily load (TMDL). The city has issued the 2019 update to the E. Coli TMDL Implementation Plan.
Boulder Creek Watershed
The Boulder Creek Watershed drains approximately 440 square miles on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains. The basin is bordered on the west by the Continental Divide where headwater tributaries begin in the Indian Peaks Wilderness. Boulder Creek flows through the City of Boulder and out to the confluence with St. Vrain River, and eventually the South Platte River.
Boulder Creek is impacted by many activities associated with various land features and land uses.
The impacts include:
- sedimentation from highway maintenance and bank erosion;
- acid mine drainage from historic gold mines in the mountainous region of Boulder County;
- pollutants associated with urban runoff;
- stream channelization and reduced riparian habitat functions;
- pollutants from agricultural runoff;
- damage to riparian vegetarian and sedimentation from stream bank erosion from ranching practices; and
- point sources from industrial and municipal discharges.
To better understand impacts to Boulder's surface water, the city regularly examines water quality to discover how the community's water resources are changing over time, and to help identify and mitigate potential sources of pollution.
Clean Water Act Background
The Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972 mandated the development of federal programs to protect waters throughout the United States. The CWA initially focused on point-source pollution, such as wastewater treatment plant discharges. In the 1980s, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began addressing other pollution sources referenced in the CWA, including non-point source discharges, such as stormwater flows.
During the time the Clean Water Act was amended to address stormwater quality, Boulder developed a Comprehensive Drainage Utility Master Plan (CDUMP) to address flood and stormwater issues. In 1989, Boulder's Stormwater Quality Program was developed as a component of the CDUMP to address water quality issues related to stormwater runoff.
Stormwater Quality Program Components
The Stormwater Quality Program monitors impacts due to urban runoff and tracks ambient conditions in Boulder Creek.
Report A Spill
Boulder prohibits the release of substances other than stormwater into the storm sewer and local waterways. Common pollutants include restaurant grease, leaking gas or oil, and sediment from construction sites. To report a spill or illegal discharge into the storm sewer system or a waterway contact City of Boulder Water Quality and Environmental Services at 303-413-7350 or email [email protected]
Water Quality Monitoring
Poor water quality, sediment contamination and destruction of fish and wildlife habitats can lead to the decline and degradation of valuable natural resources. The Stormwater Quality Program monitors impacts due to urban runoff and tracks ambient conditions in Boulder Creek.
To better understand impacts to Boulder's surface water, water quality is examined to discover how the water resources are changing over time, and to help identify and mitigate potential sources of pollution.
The Stormwater Quality Program assures compliance with all state and federal water quality regulations related to stormwater. The City of Boulder's municipal separate storm sewer system operates with a permit from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. In compliance with requirement Part I.D.1.b of the Phase II MS4 permit, the city’s Program Description Document is publically available for review and comment by contacting the Stormwater Quality Program.
The permit sets requirements related to six minimum control measures:
- public education and outreach;
- public participation;
- illicit discharge detection and elimination;
- construction site runoff control;
- post-construction runoff control; and
- pollution prevention and good housekeeping.
In addition to stormwater regulations for municipalities, federal regulations require certain industrial facilities to obtain a stormwater discharge permit. City-owned facilities such as the Wastewater Treatment Facility and the Boulder Municipal Airport are included in these current Industrial Pretreatment regulations. Stormwater discharges associated with construction activities are also required to obtain a permit.
The Stormwater Quality Program seeks to identify and reduce illicit discharges to the stormwater system.
Source Control activities include:
- monitoring dry weather flows to the storm sewer system,
- tracking hazardous materials spills,
- regulating ground water discharges, and
- participating in Boulder County's Household Hazardous Waste Program.