Indigenous Peoples Day Resolution adoption by City Council
In 2016, the Human Relations Commission and community members drafted the Indigenous Peoples Day Resolution (Resolution No. 1190 PDF), which was presented at the Aug. 2, 2016, Boulder City Council meeting and adopted by the City of Boulder. It declared the second Monday of October of each year to be Indigenous Peoples Day. The resolution states:
- “That City Council directs its City Manager to work with City departments, Native Americans and historians to correct omissions of the Native American presence in public places, resources and cultural programming.
- “That as a first step, in recognition of a Memorandum of Understanding that the city entered into with Indigenous tribes concerning open space lands, the city requests input from representatives of those tribes and other interested parties regarding a name that commemorates the Indigenous presence on the park land known as ‘Settler’s Park;’ and second, the city manager considers any application submitted to rename the park land based on the input of the Indigenous tribes and interested parties.
- "The City of Boulder will work together in partnership with Native Americans to encourage all educational institutions in the city to implement accurate curricula relevant to the traditions, history and current issues of Indigenous People inclusive of and as part of our shared history."
Community Naming Suggestions
City staff documented name suggestions for the “Settler’s Park” area provided by community members following the adoption of the city’s Indigenous Peoples Day Resolution in 2016. Staff planned to present suggestions to Tribal Representatives to fulfill direction in the city’s Indigenous Peoples Day Resolution.
March 2019 City-Tribal Consultation
During the formal consultation, city staff provided information about the city’s Indigenous Peoples Day Resolution and its direction to receive input from Tribal Nations for a name that commemorates the Indigenous presence in the “Settler’s Park” area.” Tribal Representatives from more than a dozen Tribal Nations also visited “Settler’s Park” with city staff and elected and community leaders. Following the field trip to “Settler’s Park,” city staff presented suggestions documented by city staff to Tribal Representatives.
For several hours, Tribal Representatives discussed community name suggestions and their own ideas – with one idea generating broad support among Tribal Representatives. The consultation ended with the City of Boulder and Tribal Representatives determining that a joint city-tribal working group – established to also update existing city tribal agreements – would also make a recommendation for commemoration and recognition of Indigenous Peoples and federally recognized American Indian Tribes in the Settler’s Park area.
2019 City-Tribal Working Group
Following the March 2019 consultation, city staff convened a city-Tribal working group, which met several times to discuss updates to agreements the city shares with 13 Tribal Nations. During those conversations, Tribal Representatives agreed to recommend further consideration of the “Settler’s Park” name suggestion that had received support at the 2019 March consultation.
2021 February Update Meeting
While the City of Boulder and Tribal Representatives agreed to meet in March 2020 to continue conversations from the 2019 consultation, the city postponed the in-person meeting because of COVID-19 public health concerns. On Thursday, Feb. 18, 2021, the city held an informal conference call with Tribal Representatives to hear their preference for formal government-to-government consultations with the City of Boulder. City staff and Tribal Nations agreed to conduct an online consultation in early April 2021 to discuss:
- A final renaming recommendation for Settler’s Park
- Updates to city-Tribal Nation agreements
- A city-wide land acknowledgment.
April 2021 City-Tribal Consultation
The beginning of the consultation began with a conversation to finalize a new name for “Settler’s Park.” During those conversations, a Tribal Representative and elder, who previously consulted with the City of Boulder in the 1990s and early 2000s, provided insights that led to collaborative discussions among Tribal Representatives and, ultimately, the name “The Peoples’ Crossing.”
City staff appreciated the opportunity to learn from and listen to Tribal Representatives about what the significance of the name “The Peoples’ Crossing” means to them. This new name represents several important themes discussed during two city-Tribal Nation consultations:
- Boulder and the “Settler’s Park” area have been a crossroads for Indigenous Peoples who have traversed and lived in the mountains and plains of the Boulder area since time immemorial.
- “The People” or “Our People” are English translations for how many American Indian Tribal Nations refer to themselves in their native languages.
- Usage of the term “The People” is meant to be inclusive of all people who have traveled through and have lived in the Boulder area.
Because of the name’s special meaning to Tribal Representatives and the strong consensus it received among consultation participants, the city decided to use “The Peoples’ Crossing” for its application to rename “Settler’s Park.” The city is currently working on inviting Tribal Representatives – as agreed to at the 2021 consultation – to participate in a working group to help develop permanent education and interpretation materials for the area.
June 3, 2021, City Council Meeting
City staff presented an application PDF to rename "Settler's Park" to "The People's Crossing" to the Boulder City Council. Council members approved the renaming of the area by not asking for a public hearing regarding the city renaming application.