The primary focus of the City of Boulder's Industrial Pretreatment Program is to reduce the amount of toxic and hazardous waste that enters Boulder's wastewater utility.

By pre-treating their waste, Boulder industries can help reduce the amount of pollutants that are discharged to the city's wastewater utility.


The goals of the Industrial Pretreatment Program are to:

  • promote the general health, safety and welfare of all who use Boulder's wastewater system;
  • protect city personnel who work with wastewater and biosolids;
  • prevent pollutants from entering the wastewater treatment system;
  • minimize pollutants that may interfere with the operation of the wastewater treatment system;
  • maximize opportunities to recycle and reclaim wastewaters and biosolids from the system;
  • distribute costs for the wastewater utility equally among Boulder customers; and
  • prevent the introduction of wastes that may adversely affect the environment or cause a violation of the city's National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit, which is issued by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

The Industrial Pretreatment Program is located at the city's wastewater treatment facility.

Permitted Industries

Certain types of industrial and commercial industries with the potential to discharge pollutants are regulated through an industrial discharge permit system. A discharge permit is required for significant industrial users.

Businesses are considered as significant industrial users if they:

  • Discharge an average of 25,000 gallons or more of processed wastewater per day;
  • Have the potential to adversely affect the city's wastewater utility; or
  • Are categorical users subject to the Environmental Protection Agency's Categorical Pretreatment Standards (categorical users, such as metal finishers and pharmaceutical manufacturers, receive increased scrutiny due to their potential to pollute).

Permitted industries must pay an annual permit fee, monitor their wastewater discharges on a routine basis, submit to city monitoring and inspections, and develop a spill control plan for their facility.

Register for a Discharge Permit


  • Please contact the Industrial Pretreatment Program for more information regarding permits at 303-413-7362.


Get a Grease Removal Device or Permit


For information and approval of grease removal device installation, call:

  • City of Boulder Industrial Pretreatment Program, 303-413-7360; or,
  • City of Boulder Building Services Center, 303-441-1880.


For information and approval of grease removal device installation, email Industrial Pretreatment

Grease Management

Why does grease matter? Water from dishwashing or cleaning may seem clean. However, as the water flows from the sink to the sewer, the grease that was in the water is deposited on the walls of the city sewer line.

Grease and oily wastewater from restaurants, delicatessens, and other food service facilities clog sewer drains when disposed improperly. Installation of a grease removal device by each facility that generates oil, fats or grease is required by City of Boulder ordinance.

What is a Grease Removal Device?

Grease removal devices are important to minimize the amount of grease in local sewer lines and to provide appropriate disposal for the kinds of restaurants cleaning wastes that commonly reached a street or storm drain in the past.

In order to install a grease removal device, you will need a plumbing permit from the City of Boulder Building Services Center.

When is a Grease Removal Device necessary?

  • if you are building or remodeling a food service facility; or,
  • if your facility has been cited for a grease violation or contributing to a grease blockage in the city sewer lines.

Common Terms

Grease removal device
An interceptor, trap or other mechanical device designed, constructed and intended to remove, hold or otherwise prevent the passage of grease to a publicly owned treatment works.

Grease interceptor
A concrete chamber where greasy wastewater from the kitchen is retained so that grease can float to the top and the clearer water beneath can flow out to the sanitary sewer. Capacity must be determined using the International Plumbing Code. The minimum size is 750 gallons.

Grease trap
A device, generally smaller than a grease interceptor, designed to retain grease from one to four fixtures. Garbage grinders or dishwashers must not discharge to a grease trap.

Plumbing fixture
An approved receptacle, device, or appliance, directly or indirectly connected to a drainage system such as the sanitary sewer, that supplies or receives water or liquid borne wastes.

Recyclable Grease Storage

Waste grease from a kitchen that has not been disposed of in the drain can be recycled for use in making soap, animal feed, etc. Grease from a grease trap or interceptor may not be reused in this way.

Other Types of Devices

A grease trap may be approved in stead of an interceptor for full service food service facilities only in very limited circumstances when space is not available. Grease traps may also be approved by the Industrial Pretreatment Program for facilities such as delicatessens and small bakeries that produce small quantities of oil, grease, or fat.

Please Note: flow restrictors are required for grease traps because they increase retention time and efficiency. Automatic grease skimming devices collect small volumes of water and remove grease into a side container at preset times each day. Special approval from the Industrial Pretreatment s taff is required to install one of these devices in stead of a grease interceptor. Additives that claim to break down grease cannot be substituted for a grease removal device and regular inspection and maintenance. If you use an additive, do not use an emulsifier, which simply keeps grease in suspension temporarily and allows it to flow to the sewer system.

Best Grease Management Practices

Minimize the amount of grease your facility sends to a grease removal device. For efficiency, follow these steps:

  • Food waste from plates goes in the trash, not down the drain.

  • Prewash plates by spraying them off with cold water over a small mesh basket positioned over the drain. This catch basin should be emptied into a garbage can.

  • Contract with a grease recycling service to provide a waste grease container/bin.

  • Dispose of grease properly and keep bin covered.

  • If applicable, check grease trap (small device inside facility) daily and clean regularly.

  • Install a large capacity grease interceptor and use a professional for interceptor cleaning.

  • Pour washwater into mop sink connected to a grease removal device.

Grease Removal Deices Guidelines

A grease interceptor is required by local ordinance for full-service restaurants. Smaller-capacity grease traps provide inadequate retention time for efficient grease recovery. To calculate the size of the grease interceptor you need, have a licensed plumbing contractor determine this based on the International Plumbing Code.

A grease interceptor must be installed by a licensed plumbing contractor. This contractor can handle all aspects of installation including equipment procurement, plumbing, and in-ground installations that include excavations and concrete/ asphalt cutting and repair. The cost of installation will vary depending on your site. Cost factors include the size of the device, space, grade, proximity to a sewer line, and above-ground or in-ground installation. For competitive pricing, get more than one quote.

Regular inspection and maintenance is essential to the proper operation of a grease removal device. The local ordinance requires a minimum cleaning frequency of once every six months. However, that frequency will increase depending on the capacity of the device, the amount of grease in the wastewater, and the degree to which the facility has contributed to blockages in the past. Regular cleaning at the appropriate interval is necessary to maintain the rated efficiency of the device. Equipment not regularly maintained puts the food service facility at risk of violating the sewer use ordinance, and this may not be known until an overflow and violation have occurred. The City of Boulder suggests businesses start with quarterly cleanings.

The Manual of Practice FD-3 published by the Water Environment Federations technical practice committee suggests cleaning should be done when 75 percent of the retention capacity of the unit is 75 percent full of accumulated grease. A large measuring stick and/or a clear piece of conduit may be used to determined the depth of grease accumulation. You must contract with a licensed grease hauler to remove it from your premises for appropriate disposal.

Choosing a Grease Hauler

When selecting a grease hauler, be aware that services and prices can vary. Minimum services should include:

  • Complete pumping and cleaning of the interceptor and sample box, rather than just skimming the grease layer.
  • Deodorizing and thorough cleaning of affected areas, as necessary.
  • Disposal/reclamation at an approved location.
  • Notes concerning the condition of the interceptor
  • Complete pumping and cleaning record.

You and your hauler should agree on an adequate cleaning frequency to avoid blockage of the line.

Record Keeping

Careful record keeping is one of the best ways to ensure that your grease removal device is being cleaned and maintained on a regular basis. City code requires records be maintained for a minimum of three years. The cleaning record form on the enclosed insert is provided by the City of Boulder as an example of the type of record keeping suggested.